Edited By Gunnar Prause, Urve Venesaar and Wolfgang Kersten
Competitiveness of Companies – Logistics in the Baltic Sea RegionWolfgang Kersten, Meike Schroeder, Caroline Singer andMareike Boeger
9 Competitiveness of Companies – Logistics in the Baltic Sea Region Wolfgang Kersten1, Meike Schroeder1, Caroline Singer1 and Mareike Boeger1 Abstract The Baltic Sea Region (BSR) is one of the most dynamic regions in the European Union (EU). Differences in logistics play a major role in this issue. In this area, no comparable anal- yses and investigations have been made until recently. The aim of this paper is to describe the status quo and the development needs of manufacturing and trading companies as well as lo- gistics service providers in the BSR. First, the paper explains the influence of core competen- cies on the competitiveness of companies. In practice, the outsourcing of services often results from the creation of core competencies due to the bundling of specific resources. Second, the findings of an empirical logistics study as part of the EU project LogOn Baltic are presented. Selected regions are compared with respect to the logistics costs and the outsourcing of logis- tics services. Last, development needs in logistics are described. JEL classification codes: O57, R, R1, R11, R4. Keywords: competitiveness, outsourcing, resource based view, logistics services, logistics costs, development needs, Baltic Sea Region 1. Introduction Due to the dynamically changing business conditions, companies from nearly all industry sectors have been facing high cost pressures recently. In order to reduce costs, manufacturing and trading companies take measures such as outsourcing transportation. However, since the level of costs is already very low in this area, companies start to realise that further cost reductions...
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