Between Theory and Practice
Edited By Agnieszka Borysowska and Barbara Milewska-Wazbinska
Pattern Heraldic Forms in Old Polish Literature. Inspirations, Realizations, Functions. Bartłomiej Czarski, Barbara Milewska-Waźbińska
Pattern Heraldic Forms in Old Polish Literature Inspirations, Realizations, Functions Bartłomiej Czarski National Library of Poland Barbara Milewska-Waźbińska University of Warsaw One of the most important phenomena identifying the Polish noblemen was coat of arms. The armorial bearings of blue-blooded Poles, irrespec- tive of their wealth, on the one hand enabled them to distinguish them- selves from the other estates, and on the other hand constituted an ele- ment of affiliation consolidation within the group. As a result, coats of arms as visual elements became popular architectural ornaments, and adornments on objects of daily use such as crockery, utensils or clothes. They were painted in pictures and treated as a source of symbolic con- cepts and notions ideal for use in speeches, sermons or panegyric litera- ture.1 House emblems of ancient noblemen from the land of the Polish- Lithuanian Commonwealth were also like visiting cards reminding of the past of a house, its eminent representatives and their achievements on battlefields or at the time of peace. The references to heraldry in an- cient Poland can be seen almost everywhere – in the areas of both liter- ary and material cultures. The so-called stemmata constituting an example of strong rootedness of heraldry in the culture and the system of values of Old Polish noble- men deserve special attention. That term is in practice understood vari- ously, and denotes sometimes different phenomena, although in most cases it means compositions of verbal and visual elements consisting of a heraldic illustration and...
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