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«De manibus Valachorum scismaticorum ... »

Romanians and Power in the Mediaeval Kingdom of Hungary- The Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries


Ioan-Aurel Pop

The medieval history of the Romanians in the Hungarian kingdom still represents one of the most delicate subjects in European history. This book is the product of more than thirty years of research, and thus provides new and balanced insights into that history, revealing both the rise and the decline of communities and individuals, as well as the diversity of these borderlands of Christian Europe.


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2. An explanation: why the Romanians and their country (countries) have two names


In this book (about the Romanians, as shown by its title), the names of Vlachs (with its variants) and Romanians often appear as synonyms and this fact could look strange for some readers. The name of a country and of a people is sometimes almost as im- portant as the actual existence of that particular country and that particular people. One should see the recent case of a state in south-eastern Europe (“The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia”) which still cannot officially call itself as it wishes and as its own parliament has decided (Macedonia). The name of a country is part of its identity and, most of the times, shapes its destiny, tacitly or overtly. The Romanians and Romania have not been an exception to this. Within its current borders, Romania has existed, from the perspective of international law, since 1946-1947, when the Paris Peace Conference sanc- tioned the post-war situation. Contemporary Romania–also called “Greater Romania” at that time–was formed in 1918, when to the Old Kingdom were added Bessarabia (on 27 March-9 April), Bukovina (on 15/28 November), Transylvania, the Banat, Criana and Maramure (18 November/ 1 Decem- ber). Post-WWI Romania was recognised internationally in 1919-1920, through the other Paris Peace Conference. The core of Romania as a mod- ern state had nonetheless been established between 1859-1866, during the reign of Prince Alexandru Ioan Cuza and at the onset of the reign of Prince Carol of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen. At about the same time (1862-1866), the name “Romania” was...

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