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«De manibus Valachorum scismaticorum ... »

Romanians and Power in the Mediaeval Kingdom of Hungary- The Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries

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Ioan-Aurel Pop

The medieval history of the Romanians in the Hungarian kingdom still represents one of the most delicate subjects in European history. This book is the product of more than thirty years of research, and thus provides new and balanced insights into that history, revealing both the rise and the decline of communities and individuals, as well as the diversity of these borderlands of Christian Europe.

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Essential Chronology

Extract

1000 – the Christianisation of duke Vajk, baptised Stephan, who became the first king of Hungary (he was canonised after his death); the beginning of the official history of Hungary as a Christian kingdom 11th century – the lives of the kings and princes who were declared and af- terwards considered saints: Stephen, Ladislaus and Emericus ("The Saint Kings of Hungary") 12th-13th centuries – the settlement and colonisation of some foreign popu- lation groups in Transylvania 1204 – the conquest of Constantinople and the submission of vast parts of the Byzantine Empire by the "Latins"; The Fourth Crusade or "The Deviat- ed Crusade"; the beginning of a gradual offensive against "schismatics" 1205-1235 – the reign of King Andrew II; confinements and dissolution of rights and estates of Romanian "schismatics" and of their lands (terrae) 1222 – The Golden Bull of the Nobility, which established the privileges of the noblemen estate in Hungary 1224 – The Golden Bull of the Transylvanian Saxons, establishing the privi- leges of their community (estate) 1235-1270 – the reign of the King Bela IV; torments in the eastern part of the kingdom 1241-1242 – the great Tartar (Mongol) invasion 1272-1290 – the reign of the King Ladislaus IV the Cuman; a major crisis of the Kingdom of Hungary 1279 – the Provincial Council (the General Synod) of Buda (measures to re- establish the Catholic order and to defeat the "schismatics", the "here- tics", the "Jews" and the "Saracens" or the "Ishmaelites" in Hungary 1291 – the first known general congregation (assembly of the country) of Transylvania, in which...

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