Romanians and Power in the Mediaeval Kingdom of Hungary- The Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries
1000 – the Christianisation of duke Vajk, baptised Stephan, who became the first king of Hungary (he was canonised after his death); the beginning of the official history of Hungary as a Christian kingdom 11th century – the lives of the kings and princes who were declared and af- terwards considered saints: Stephen, Ladislaus and Emericus ("The Saint Kings of Hungary") 12th-13th centuries – the settlement and colonisation of some foreign popu- lation groups in Transylvania 1204 – the conquest of Constantinople and the submission of vast parts of the Byzantine Empire by the "Latins"; The Fourth Crusade or "The Deviat- ed Crusade"; the beginning of a gradual offensive against "schismatics" 1205-1235 – the reign of King Andrew II; confinements and dissolution of rights and estates of Romanian "schismatics" and of their lands (terrae) 1222 – The Golden Bull of the Nobility, which established the privileges of the noblemen estate in Hungary 1224 – The Golden Bull of the Transylvanian Saxons, establishing the privi- leges of their community (estate) 1235-1270 – the reign of the King Bela IV; torments in the eastern part of the kingdom 1241-1242 – the great Tartar (Mongol) invasion 1272-1290 – the reign of the King Ladislaus IV the Cuman; a major crisis of the Kingdom of Hungary 1279 – the Provincial Council (the General Synod) of Buda (measures to re- establish the Catholic order and to defeat the "schismatics", the "here- tics", the "Jews" and the "Saracens" or the "Ishmaelites" in Hungary 1291 – the first known general congregation (assembly of the country) of Transylvania, in which...
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