Politics and Local Practice
School reform: inter(national) policy and local adaptations
ties and its specific cultural heritage.2 Indeed, Luxembourg was almost the last country in Europe to establish its own national university (in 2003) - the very last country to do so, the Principality of Liechtenstein, is regarded as lagging behind other nations not only in education policy, but also in other political and social areas. The central thesis of this chapter is that while the internationalization of education policy in Luxembourg between the end of the Second World War and the beginning of the 1970s certainly did take place with great dynamism, it remained in large part unconsummated. Internationalization was dynami- cally organized, particularly at a formal conceptual level: following the Second World War, there was increasing dialog between Luxembourg and organiza- tions active at a supranational level, and a tight personal network was created linking the national and international levels. Institutional channels were also established for the transfer of ideas and policies between states. These formal changes also transformed the nature of education policy discussions. Luxembourg’s education policy not only dealt with the same questions that stood out as important elements in reform programs at an in ternational level. Moreover, in a few instances, Luxembourg even gave priority to internationally discussed reforms in school policy over national solutions, and thereby risked breaking with its traditions as a nation state. However, this apparent trend toward the internationalization of educa tion policy remained largely incomplete, in part because it was quite deliber- ately ‘nationalized’ within domestic political discourse: even arguments and...
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