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Bernhard Irrgang: Critics of Technological Lifeworld

Collection of Philosophical Essays

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Arun Kumar Tripathi

We live in a technologically mediated lifeworld and culture. Technologies either magnify or amplify human experiences. They can change the ways we live. Technology has been woven into the social and cultural fabric of different cultures. German phenomenologist philosopher Bernhard Irrgang for than 2 decades engaging with the questions, what role does technology play in everyday human experience? How do technological artefacts affect people’s existence and their relations with the world? And how do instruments, devices and apparatuses produce and transform human knowledge? Along with Albert Borgmann, Larry Hickman, Don Ihde, Carl Mitcham, Hans Poser, Peter-Paul Verbeek, Walther Zimmerli, contemporary German philosopher of technology Bernhard Irrgang provides a useful vocabulary for understanding the ways we relate to technology and to the world through technologies in different cultures.

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Paradigmatic Shifts in the Contemporary philosophy of technologies: Culture of technological reflections (Arun Kumar Tripathi)

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13 Paradigmatic Shifts in the Contemporary phi- losophy of technologies: Culture of technologi- cal reflections Arun Kumar Tripathi I. Introduction to contemporary philosophy of technologies Today, it is even harder to imagine a life and a day without complex technologi- cal systems of energy, transportation, waste management, and production, each of which has at its core a theoretical deductive model as well as practical rules to identify, or to construct and exemplify real situations to which the theoretical models apply. Our real lifeworld is mostly a constructed environment, built around technologies and technological systems that provide the background, context, and medium for human living. Contemporary life is a „technologically mediated life.“ Since the humanities represent a source of fundamental human skills necessary to give meaning and direction to our technological age, and the study of humanities in technology will show the interconnection between tech- nology, engineering and the arts. Our work on the philosophy of technology - as an exercise in cultural hermeneutics and ethical hermeneutics - is a plea that the task of the philosophy is to work out suggestions concerning basic cultural and ethical conditions of technological and economic development. In principle, a philosophy of technology is concerned with fundamental questions concerning the proper understanding of a technology; how it affects human existence and reciprocally how human existence affects the technology (Irrgang 2008 & Kap- lan 2008). The development of a philosophy of technology is, in principle, based on the assumption that substantial philosophical questions can be posed against...

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