Collection of Philosophical Essays
Social and Ethical Aspects of Biotechnological Practice (Bernhard Irrgang)
47 Social and Ethical Aspects of Biotechnological Practice Bernhard Irrgang The globalisation of Biotechnology brings with it not only new economical prospects, but also new risks. According to cautionary principles these risks could be avoided by making efforts towards an essential accompanying Tech- nology Structuring. The following thoughts are not suggestion for complete so- lutions, but are supposed to open a new horizon of questions for joint interdisci- plinary and intercultural project groups. I. Structuring of Scientific – Technological Innovation Cultural models criticise particular technological alternatives as inhuman or ecologically harmful and focus on adapted or intelligent solutions. Ideas of natu- ralness or humanity have always been included in a path-dependent orientation of particular technological development. The substantial paths of individual technology advancement result from an interaction of various selected and lim- ited conditions. With the dynamic of variation and construction, particular fields of technological development, routines of construction and paradigmatic solu- tions have been worked out. The routines of construction are established in the „State of Technics”. In this respect a path – dependency of technological devel- opments results from the practice of technology advancement. There is no cen- tral authority which would structure the entire development. Therefore, one has to take various contexts of structuring into consideration, if researchers want to structure a particular frame of conditions. Technological action is defined as dealing with technological practice which goes along with traditions, paths of development and selective models. Models can be worked out in view of development trends. Here one can...
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