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Bernhard Irrgang: Critics of Technological Lifeworld

Collection of Philosophical Essays

Series:

Arun Kumar Tripathi

We live in a technologically mediated lifeworld and culture. Technologies either magnify or amplify human experiences. They can change the ways we live. Technology has been woven into the social and cultural fabric of different cultures. German phenomenologist philosopher Bernhard Irrgang for than 2 decades engaging with the questions, what role does technology play in everyday human experience? How do technological artefacts affect people’s existence and their relations with the world? And how do instruments, devices and apparatuses produce and transform human knowledge? Along with Albert Borgmann, Larry Hickman, Don Ihde, Carl Mitcham, Hans Poser, Peter-Paul Verbeek, Walther Zimmerli, contemporary German philosopher of technology Bernhard Irrgang provides a useful vocabulary for understanding the ways we relate to technology and to the world through technologies in different cultures.

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Postphenomenological Inquiry into Brain Research and Human-embodied Mind (Bernhard Irrgang)

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117 Postphenomenological Inquiry into Brain Re- search and Human-embodied Mind Bernhard Irrgang A long time before authors such as Bruno Latour and Karin Knorr Cetina, Xa- vier Zubiri in an essay of 1934 pointed out that our modern scientific realization does not imply Ontology in actual senses, but comes from physical coefficients and laws of nature , which the laboratory sciences bring out. This also applies to neuro-sciences. Thus, neuro-philosophy must consider which laboratory sci- ences it can utilize in its approach. They can only utilize either technology or nature, which is worked on with assistance from laboratory technology. The human mind and human thinking, which are on the action side, can be utilized although not completely in a naturalizing theory. In addition, each laboratory science is dependent on an interpretation of their results (observer perspective). Analytic philosophy based on a methodically limited entrance to the reality ig- nores a set of neuro-philosophically relevant phenomena, because of using natu- ralized laboratory methodology it is not able to level the radical positivism in the sciences behind it (Zubiri 1994, P. 54). I. Naturalization under inclusion of the observer perspective in empirical sciences The idea of naturalization is completed with new physics. Quantum mechanics represents a radically different program of naturalization than Aristotle (Zubiri 1994, pp. 291-341). The naturalization became a Mathematization. The formal structure of naturalization is spatial temporal. Classical physics, however was concerned with mathematical points. The crisis of modern physics is a conse- quence of a problem of the ontology...

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