Impacts on Cultural Heritage and Cultural Diversity
Edited By Sabine von Schorlemer and Sylvia Maus
Lex Lata and De Lege Ferenda – Legal Challenges of Cultural Property Protection in the Context of Climate Change
Guido Carducci∗ What Consideration is Given to Climate and to Climate Change in the UNESCO Cultural Heritage and Property Conventions? I A Preliminary Clarification: Climate per se, the Protection of Cultural Property and Heritage versus Climate Change Before entering into the rather recent debate on climate change, which is a rapid, and in part unexpected, increase in the worldwide temperature, it is methodo- logically appropriate to make a few remarks as to climate per se and the protec- tion of cultural property and heritage law. Going beyond any misleading appearance of a monolithic composition of property and heritage, cultural property – and even more if it is combined with Cultural Heritage – includes a huge variety of types and categories of mova- bles and immovables. Each of them is made of materials that are more or less climate-sensitive and that deserve to be considered individually; conserved and protected in different ways. There is no one-fits-all solution and the Cultural Heritage or property material is, from a climate perspective, as relevant as the heritage or the property itself. For instance, humidity and rain can affect and heavily damage wood (as in structures, doors, frames), textiles (as in carpets) and untreated paper (as in maps and drawings), although it does not affect equally stone in a sculpture. Each category of material that composes cultural property and heritage is to be considered individually. Each has its own degree of sensitiveness to climate and of fragility to climate-related events, such as hu- midity, rain, draught, etc....
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