Rater and Candidate Input into Evidence Based Scale Development and Construct Definition
Chapter 4: Rater orientation to peer interaction in speaking tests (Study 1: Part A)
65 Chapter 4: Rater orientation to peer interaction in speak- ing tests (Study 1: Part A) 4.1 Chapter overview and introduction 4.1.1 Overview This chapter contains Part A of Study 1, which is concerned with rater orienta- tion to peer interaction in the speaking test. Chapter 5 contains Part B, which re- ports on individual candidate orientation to their personal performance with a partner in a paired speaking test. This chapter is organized as follows. The introduction is followed by a de- scription of the selection of the participant candidates and raters (in section 4.2). Next, section 4.3 describes the collection of the candidate video clips during the actual live test and collection of the rater orientation Verbal Protocols. Then the section describes the conventions used for transcribing, segmenting and encod- ing the data. section 4.4 outlines the data analysis and section 4.5 summarises the chapter. 4.1.2 Introduction This study is the first of three studies (Study 1 Part A, Study 1 Part B, and Study 2) that constitute this research. The studies deal with three separate but con- nected issues that emerged from the task trial. This first study deals with rater orientation towards the interaction between two candidates performing a paired task in an oral test. Rater orientation, to the interaction between peers, is examined from the point of view of Spanish speaking second language specialists: tutors and lecturers. As these specialists are trained to mark the speaking test used in this context, they are considered trained raters...
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