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Current Approaches in Social Sciences

Edited By Rasim Yilmaz, Günther Löschnigg, Hasan Arslan and Mehmet Ali Icbay

Current Approaches in Social Sciences is a collection of research papers on a wide range of social issues written by researchers from several different institutions. The book will appeal to educators, researchers, social students and teachers of all subjects and of all levels, who wish to develop personally and professionally. It will also be useful to all those who interact, one way or another, with both students and teachers in a social context.


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The Impacts of the Demographic Variances of Tourism Students on State-Trait Anxiety Levels ([Tuğrul Ayyildiz] [Ahu Yazici])


Tuğrul Ayyildiz & Ahu Yazici Adnan Menderes University Faculty of Tourism The Impacts of the Demographic Variances of Tourism Students on State-Trait Anxiety Levels Anxiety has continued its existence as one of the main problems of mankind. The development of mankind hasn’t lessened the anxiety: Conversely, it offered it to mankind by recasting it into renewed forms day by day (Akmaz and Ceyhan, 2009). According to Aydın and Dilmaç (2004), a normal level of anxiety helps an individual in the sense of willingness, decision-making, generating energy towards decisions he or she makes, and promoting performances by using this energy. However, if the anxiety is at a very high level, the individual can’t use his or her energy efficiently and direct his or her attention and strength to his of her task (Deniz et al., 2009). Uneasiness, tension, anxiety, depressive disorders, and sleeping disturbances which emerge from stress cause a rise in the use of alcohol and other substances (Gökçe and Dündar, 2008). According to Gürün (1991) and Nar (2005), anxiety is any emotion which is a probability of a hazard arising from the external world or interpreted as hazardous by an individual (Dereli, 2012). Anxiety expresses a worrisome emotion that results from distrust. It shares similarities with worry and suspicion. Anxiety, in medicine, expresses a distress which causes an aching heart; for existentialists, it is mentioned with phrases such as depression, mope, and suffocation and is defined as metaphysic disturbance arising from the think-...

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