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Current Approaches in Social Sciences

Edited By Rasim Yilmaz, Günther Löschnigg, Hasan Arslan and Mehmet Ali Icbay

Current Approaches in Social Sciences is a collection of research papers on a wide range of social issues written by researchers from several different institutions. The book will appeal to educators, researchers, social students and teachers of all subjects and of all levels, who wish to develop personally and professionally. It will also be useful to all those who interact, one way or another, with both students and teachers in a social context.

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Gender-Based differences in Risk-Taking Behaviour: A Neuro Economics Approach ([Umut Öneş] [Bora Baskak])

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Umut Öneş1 & Bora Baskak2 Gender-Based differences in Risk-Taking Behaviour: A Neuro Economics Approach Introduction In everyday situations, men tend to engage in more risky behaviour compared to women. For example, according to the TÜİK Traffic Accidents Report, seven out of 1000 male drivers were involved in an accident that resulted in death or seri- ous injury between 2000 and 2010, while the corresponding ratio was only two out of 1000 for female drivers (TÜİK 2010). Also, women are more likely to wear seatbelts and significantly more men than women die due to poisoning, drown- ing, substance abuse, or jaywalking every year (Waldron et.al. 2005). Gender difference in behaviour does not change when the scale of risk taken is smaller in everyday circumstances. It has been shown that male students are more likely to take their chances in catching the morning bus to school while trying to minimise their waiting time at the bus stop or while crossing a busy street (Pawlowski et.al. 2008). One interesting point in the above mentioned study is that males not only are more likely to take risks, but also their likelihood increases when there are female students present. Attitudes towards uncertainty and risk determine financial behaviour as well. In situations where employees are in direct control over their retirement funds, risk preferences significantly influence income flow during retirement years. Women’s disinclination towards high risk-high yield financial assets have been claimed to be one of the reasons behind the lower pensions that single...

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