Edited By Adela Elena Popa, Hasan Arslan, Mehmet Ali Icbay and Tomas Butvilas
Rural Poverty: The Mugla Gunluce Village Example
Introduction After the 1980’s, applied neo-liberal economic policies at the global level and the entrance of multinational corporations into the agricultural area were some of the issues expected to bring development and modernisation to the rural areas of underdeveloped countries. However, it can be said that the applied economic policies caused an increase in poverty. Due to existent circumstances, but also due to the new global market conditions, small agricultural producers could not earn their living from agricultural production which increased poverty among villagers. The situation is not different in Turkey. Turkey had to follow suggestions and sanctions of international organisations such as the European Union, Inter- national Monetary Fund and World Trade Organization when making political decisions. The implementation of these economic policies stopped or reduced the agricultural facilities from which the villagers had beneficiated and they had to either migrate to urban areas to find better jobs or stay in their villages and accept poverty. In this study, the dimensions of rural poverty were investigated in Muğla Günlüce village. First of all, concepts and theories of poverty were discussed, as well as the effects of basic economic policies related to rural development and agriculture on the Günlüce Village. For this reason, a structured interview (five) and a survey were applied to 68 households. According to the research study’s results, villagers had to leave agricultural production and were deprived of their basic livelihood. In these conditions, young people especially migrated to urban or touristic...
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