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Constructing Reality / Realität konstruierend

Festschrift in Honor of Prof. Dr. Friedrich Wallner in Celebration of his 70 th Birthday / Festschrift für Prof. Dr. Friedrich Wallner zu Ehren seines 70. Geburtstages

Edited By Nicole Holzenthal

This collection of essays assumes the main thesis of Constructive Realism: reality is created. In this volume, it is constructed by authors from various scientific disciplines and very different cultures. The Festschrift is dedicated to the founder of this philosophical approach, Professor Dr. Friedrich Wallner (University of Vienna), in celebration of his 70 th birthday.
Dieser Sammelband geht von der Hauptthese des Konstruktiven Realismus aus – wir konstruieren Realität. Hier wird sie von Autoren aus verschiedenen wissenschaftlichen Disziplinen und sehr unterschiedlichen Kulturen aufgebaut. Dem Gründer des philosophischen Ansatzes Professor Dr. Friedrich Wallner (Universität Wien) ist diese Festschrift anlässlich seines 70. Geburtstags gewidmet.

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Preface

Extract

Professor Dr. Friedrich Wallner is known in many places all over the world for his philosophical system called Constructive Realism (CR). In 2015 Friedrich Wallner celebrates his 70th birthday, and this coincides with the year in which his philosophical approach is celebrating its 25-anniversary. So there are enough motives to celebrate this year with a Festschrift! Its title is Constructing Reality, due to the fact that this is what we are all doing, following Wallner’s thesis: humans always construct. First of all, human societies construct “lifeworlds”, and then, as scientists, human beings might construct the so-called “microworlds”, and in the end, the “reality” is just built up by these scientific constructions. From different perspectives–be it from the various dis- ciplines or from different cultures–we are constructing reality. Thus, reality is not what is just there, but what has been made by humans. Wallner’s philosophy is thought since its beginning as a methodology invented for the practical purpose to help. First of all, it aimed at helping especially natural scientists in their task to get re-oriented after the crisis that arose from relativism. When Thomas Kuhn criticized the scientists’ believe in a fixed truth, and hence defended his idea that paradigms always switched, many natural scientists felt that their substantial fundaments were not only threatened, but weakened or disturbed. Many scientists and theorists of science then concluded that there was only relativism. Also Paul Feyerabend’s methodological anarchism contributed to this general tendency, and thus theory of science lived a...

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