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Academic Writing

Selected Topics in Writing an Academic Paper


Silvia Gáliková

The textbook concentrates on selected topics and problematic aspects in preparing a cohesive and well-organised academic paper, such as: the relation between thinking and writing, establishing arguments, using logic and appropriate language in argumentative writing. The author considers writing as thinking made visible, as thinking in slow motion, a process whereby we can inspect and reflect on what we are thinking about. Writing doesn’t simply convey thought, it also forges it. It is a two-way street, both expressing and generating ideas.


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II. Thinking and writing


19 II Thinking and writing Keywords: thoughts, words, language, brainstorming, style Words convey thoughts. Many scholars agree that in order to write well we need to think clearly. Similarly, the evidence is strong for concluding that writing about ideas can help to clarify them. Many would also argue that the act of writing can create ideas and lead writers to discover what they truly think. Language, according to this perspective, can give birth to thought, and writ- ten language provides a means of refi ning our thoughts since, unlike speech, written language can be manipu- lated until it accurately refl ects our thinking. Many famous novelists and scientists have considered writing as a  special challenge of reasoning on paper (E.M. For- ster, I. Asimov, and Ch. Darwin). In their own special way they have stated the diffi culty of expressing one’s ideas on paper. I am sure that many of us, students and even more experienced writers, feel the same. As long 20 as we use writing for describing events or fact, it seems easy, but where reasoning comes into play, to make a proper connection, a clearness and a moderate fl uency, diffi culties arise. Although writing and thinking may be diffi cult, mas- tery and success in both can be well worth the eff ort. Clear writing is often essential. If we are not able to articulate a request, a complaint, or an endorsement in precise, forceful language, we will usually face problems in our everyday life. If we...

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