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The Rise and Fall of the Aramaeans in the Ancient Near East, from Their First Appearance until 732 BCE

New Studies on Aram and Israel

Gotthard G. G. Reinhold

In the early nineties, after Reinholds first publication »Die Beziehungen Altisraels zu den aramäischen Staaten in der israelitisch-judäischen Königszeit« an archaeological find came to light with the broken pieces of the early Aramaic written Têl Dan Stela, which has greatly illuminated the portrait of Aram and ancient history of Israel. The author offers a renewed overview to the Aramaean history on the foundation of the forced researches in the last 50 years. This begins with the early testifying of Aram in cuneiform sources of the 3rd/2nd Mill. B.C. from the Mesopotamian and Syrian area and ends with the decline of Aram-Damascus. The Volume incorporates a revised edition of the researches history and two excurses about the newest palaeographic results to the second line of the Bar-Hadad Stela of Aleppo in Syria on the base of precision photographs and computer-enhancements and presents a new transcription and translation of the Têl Dan Stela fragments. These are a certain basis to build on the royal line of sucession in Aram-Damascus and to illuminate their historical background in the Ancient Near East. Reinhold emphasizes, that the results of archaeology could always be adapted or replaced by recent discoveries; but he hopes that the «New Studies on Aram and Israel» will be served as a base for the future research of the Near Eastern Archaeology and History.


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Gotthard G.G. Reinhold, born December 19 1945, in Erkner/Berlin, studied Theology (1967–1972) and pursued additional studies in Pre- and Early History (1974–1979) at the Humboldt- University of Berlin, receiving a degree in theology in 1972 (Dipl.theol.) and completing an archaeological thesis in 1979. In 1989, he received a Ph.D. in Religious Sciences from the Johann Wolfgang Goethe- University, in Frankfurt am Main. Besides study trips to Syria, Jordan, Israel, and Egypt (Sinai), he served as square supervisor at Tell el-ʼUmeiri in Jordan (1987). Since then, he participated in the Madaba Plains Project up through 1998, which was supported by the American Schools of Oriental Research (USA) and the American Center of Oriental Research (Jordan). During this period Reinhold worked in Khirbet Rufeis (Amman), and at Tell Ḥesbân. In 1999, he was a member of the excavation team with the Ba’ja Regional Project near Petra, led by the German Protestant Institute for the Archaeol- ogy of the Holy Land (Amman). 176 Then in 2005, he excavated at Ramat Rahel. From 2009 to 2011 Rein- hold was a member of the ABA (The German Study Group for Biblical Archaeology, in Schorndorf, Germany) in Jerusalem and the environs of Israel. He is also an affiliated member with the Archaeological Institute and S.H. Horn- Museum of the Andrews University (Berrien Springs, USA), and through his digitalization of regional archives in Baden- Wuerttemberg, member of the “Historischer Verein für Württembergisch Franken” (1990– to the present).

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