Show Less

Sanfter Paternalismus

Entstehung, Geschichte und Gegenwart des Sozial- und Interventionsstaates in Australien

Series:

Peter L. Münch-Heubner

Diese Studie widmet sich der Entwicklung des modernen Sozial- und Interventionsstaates im Australien des 20. Jahrhunderts. Sie zeigt, dass der australische Sozialstaat unterschiedliche historische Einflüsse amalgamiert. Die Steuerfinanzierung von Sozialleistungen, das Versicherungsprinzip und die Sozialsteuer konstituieren bis heute das interessante «Mischmodell» Australien. Sozialpolitik in ihrer australischen Definition beschränkte sich nie nur auf staatliche finanzielle Leistungen an die Bürger. Die Löhne wurden bis in die jüngste Vergangenheit im «Wohlfahrtsstaat des Lohnempfängers» von sogenannten «Schiedsgerichten» und «-kommissionen» festgesetzt. Dazu kam das System der Schutzzölle, die australische Arbeitsplätze sichern und beim Aufbau einer nationalen Automobilindustrie helfen sollten, die sich am PKW-Modell «Holden» als dem (Status-)Symbol des sozialen Aufstiegs festmachen lässt.

Prices

Show Summary Details
Restricted access

Summary

Extract

The development of the Australian welfare state is an integrated part of European history. Australian social legislation was often ahead of its European counterparts and became impulse generator for social laws like the Old Age Pensions Act in Great Britain in 1908. Factory legislation in the colonies forced back child labour, when this form of exploitation of young people was still a normality in countries like Germany. Working conditions for industrial labourers were significantly ameliorated before the Commonwealth of Australia was founded in 1901. But this progress could not wipe out poverty throughout the fifth continent for a long time. In the 1920s, the process of adoption and transfer of ideas and models between Europe and Australia took place in the reverse direction. The State of Queensland for example adopted Bismarck’s conception of social insurance, when a general unemployment support was created in 1921. Today, once again, Australia has become a source of inspiration for social refor- mers in Europe. Especially the Australian three- tier system of retirement provisi- ons – tax funded pensions, superannuation insurance and private care, protected by the state  – is often discussed in the context of the discourse about the future of greying societies in the industrial nations of the western world. But social intervention by the state, as defined by Australian politicians at the beginning of the twentieth century, was not only limited to transfer payments to the citizen, but also included government intervention in the field of industrial re- lations and the protection of national...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.

Do you have any questions? Contact us.

Or login to access all content.