European Transnational Social Fields and Identifications
This chapter will present final conclusions of the research, whereas the aims of the study were, hopefully, achieved. The first goal of the book was to explore identifications in a contemporary world, while considering the role of the in- creasing global flows of ideas, popular culture, money and employment that co- incide with changes in communication technologies in the transformation of the traditional, positional views on identity. Based on critical evaluations of the existing theories and studies, we sketched the theoretical model of identifica- tions that is implied on a transnational sphere. In order to capture the complex relation between human agency and social structure, we drew from the theory of social fields, transferred to the transnational level. The model considers social practices occurring in the interplay between national and transnational social forces and individuals’ deliberations of their position in social context. While taking into account the accelerated reflexivity as well as the consciously deliber- ated dimensions of habitus significant for the transnational social environment, we proposed that identifications are strategic and instrumental. The theoretical assumptions and potential empirical implications were fur- ther applied to the issue of identification with the European space. We treated the European Union as a specific form of a transnational political and social entity composed of different social fields. Following our theoretical framework, we theoretically and empirically represented the role of everyday practices and activities on the supranational level, pre-dispositions in entering the European social fields, and the influence of each type of social forces....
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