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The Conception of Man in the Works of John Amos Comenius

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Jan Čížek

This book maps the entire development of Comenius’s considerations on man, from his earliest writings to his philosophical masterwork. Although this book primarily offers an analysis and description of the conception of man in Comenius’s work, it may also serve the reader as a more general introduction to his philosophical conception. The author shows that, in spite of the fact that Comenius has received no small amount of academic attention, funded studies or monographs in English language remain in single figures. Thus, a range of Comenius’s remarkable ideas are still unknown to the wider public.

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Contents

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Foreword ....................................................................................................................9 1. Introduction ..................................................................................................11 2. Comenius’s work in view of his conception of man .....................15 2.1 Characterisation and periodisation of Comenius’s work .....................15 2.2 De rerum humanarum emendatione consultatio catholica and other works from the panorthotic period ......................................18 2.3 Works from the pre-pansophic and pansophic periods .......................25 3. De rerum humanarum emendatione consultatio catholica ....27 3.1 Europae lumina, salvete, and Panegersia ................................................27 3.2 Panaugia .....................................................................................................36 3.3 Pansophia ...................................................................................................39 3.3.1 Mundus possibilis ............................................................................ 39 3.3.2 Mundus idealis ................................................................................. 42 3.3.3 Mundus angelicus ............................................................................ 43 3.3.4 Mundus materialis ........................................................................... 44 3.3.5 Mundus artificialis ........................................................................... 65 3.3.6 Mundus moralis ............................................................................... 73 3.3.7 Mundus spiritualis ........................................................................... 78 3.3.8 Mundus aeternus ............................................................................. 83 3.4 Pampaedia ..................................................................................................87 3.5 Panglottia, Panorthosia, and Pannuthesia ..............................................93 64. Comenius’s conception of man in the Consultatio as a system? ........................................................................ 105 4.1 Terminological inconsistencies ............................................................ 105 4.2 The ontological primacy of reason, or will? Paunagia versus the rest of the Consultatio ......................................................... 110 4.3 The ontological primacy of free will, or the immortal human mind? .................................................................. 116 4.4 The question of human nature ............................................................. 120 5. The conception of man in selected works of the panorthotic period ..................................................................... 127 5.1 The transition between the pansophic and panorthotic periods................................................................................ 127 5.1.1 Pansophiae praeludium................................................................. 127 5.1.2 Conatuum pansophicorum dilucidatio ...................................... 129 5.1.3 Pansophiae diatyposis ................................................................... 131 5.2 Texts from the panorthotic period ....................................................... 134 5.2.1 Via lucis ........................................................................................... 134 5.2.2 Angelus pacis .................................................................................. 139 5.2.3 Unum necessarium ........................................................................ 141 5.2.4 Janua rerum reserata ..................................................................... 146 5.2.5 Clamores Eliae ................................................................................ 149 6. The conception of man in the works of the preparatory and pansophic periods ................................................. 159 6.1 Theatrum universitatis rerum ............................................................... 159 6.2 Amphitheatrum universitatis rerum...

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