Edited By Agnieszka Kampka and Katarzyna Molek-Kozakowska
David Isaksen - From calutrons to Congress: The democratic challenge of specialized knowledge
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University College of Southeast Norway
From calutrons to Congress: The democratic challenge of specialized knowledge
When only a few individuals have access to all the technical data needed to decide a given point, how can collective […] wisdom play its part, and how can it be effectively expressed when the natural spokesmen for the profession become confidential advisers to government?
Alice Kimball Smith
I take my working definition of rhetoric from Kenneth Burke who claimed that it is the use of symbols to induce cooperation. (Burke, Kenneth: A Rhetoric of Motives. University of California Press: Berkeley et al. 1969, p. 38) Rather than a separate genre of text or speech, rhetoric is a perspective or lens one can use to study how the use of symbols, such as letters, phonemes, or images, can induce actions or thoughts in the audience. (Burke, Kenneth: Essays Toward a Symbolic of Motives: 1950–1955. Rueckert, William (ed.) Parlor Press: West Lafayette, IN 2007, p. 41) A rhetorical analysis thus defined is the study of attempts made, by a rhetor or rhetors, at inducing cooperation by use of symbols. The critic should study to what extent the attempt is successful, and also try to find good reasons for the failure or success of the attempt or attempts.
Rhetoric is an essential function of language in all societies, since they can exist as societies only by...
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