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Intricacies of Patriotism

Towards a Complexity of Patriotic Allegiance

Edited By Maciej Hułas and Stanisław Fel

Intricacies of Patriotism presents a selection of concepts of patria along with their corresponding forms of patriotism. The various contributions represent different backgrounds and draw a picture of patria as a universal value that is indispensible to one’s sense of self-awareness, and the identity of groups. The different understandings of patria in this collection are examples of employing patriotism to advance the identity of the group, or the individuals within it. While eulogists of cosmopolitanism tend to portray patriotism as anachronistic and irreconcilable with the «man-of-the-world-style», the notion of patria seems to be motivated by a deep concern to preserve patriotic feelings in an undistorted fashion, and to preserve them as a value of utmost importance.
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Beyond the Individual-Society Dualism. Georg Simmel’s Lesson.


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Monica Martinelli

Università Cattolica, Milan, Italy

Beyond the Individual-Society Dualism. Georg Simmel’s Lesson

Introduction: Starting from the Anthropological Dimension

The meaning and value of social bonds is a crucial and thorny issue in a historical period which is experiencing massive fragmentation of bonds and loyalties. The current crisis is a crucial example of this situation. In fact, we need to remind ourselves that this crisis is not only economical, but also cultural and spiritual; it refers to how individuals (and freedom) have been conceived starting from a negative vision of human relationality and alterity, instead of considering the importance of obligations and the sense of belonging. Ties have been perceived – both by a certain philosophical-cultural stance in the twentieth century and by organised forms of social life – more as a limit on the expansion of individuals and on the full deployment of their desires and freedom, than as a resource for them.

After all, the development model that flourished on a global scale after the fall of the Berlin Wall was based on the economy being disengaged from society from social obligations the need for equality, from territories and cultures. It was based on the planetary expansion of technological systems and of their functional logic (regardless of considerations about their meaning) That development model was based on a nihilist culture that has linked the truth, all meanings and values, to simple and constantly reversible individual opinions.

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