Towards a Complexity of Patriotic Allegiance
Edited By Maciej Hułas and Stanisław Fel
Beyond the Individual-Society Dualism. Georg Simmel’s Lesson.
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Università Cattolica, Milan, Italy
Beyond the Individual-Society Dualism. Georg Simmel’s Lesson
Introduction: Starting from the Anthropological Dimension
The meaning and value of social bonds is a crucial and thorny issue in a historical period which is experiencing massive fragmentation of bonds and loyalties. The current crisis is a crucial example of this situation. In fact, we need to remind ourselves that this crisis is not only economical, but also cultural and spiritual; it refers to how individuals (and freedom) have been conceived starting from a negative vision of human relationality and alterity, instead of considering the importance of obligations and the sense of belonging. Ties have been perceived – both by a certain philosophical-cultural stance in the twentieth century and by organised forms of social life – more as a limit on the expansion of individuals and on the full deployment of their desires and freedom, than as a resource for them.
After all, the development model that flourished on a global scale after the fall of the Berlin Wall was based on the economy being disengaged from society from social obligations the need for equality, from territories and cultures. It was based on the planetary expansion of technological systems and of their functional logic (regardless of considerations about their meaning) That development model was based on a nihilist culture that has linked the truth, all meanings and values, to simple and constantly reversible individual opinions.
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