Edited By Corina Daba-Buzoianu, Hasan Arslan and Mehmet Ali Icbay
Reflections of Gatekeeping on Social Media
Communication and media have been subjected to great change since the period when the Persian Empire brought the first mailing services into being in 550 B.C. 2600 years later, it has become so important for people to access information (Büyükşener, 2009, p. 19). In particular, the printing press paved the way for conveying information to larger masses and enabled more people to use that information. On the other hand, this process has brought along the challenge of the accession of reliable information (Burke, 2005, p. 25–75).
The most prominent change that came about in the 20th century is that the internet has made it possible to form a social group and maintain communication at the same time. While the telephone has provided a “one-to-one” type of communication, other means such as the television, radio, magazines, and books have managed to build a “one-to-many” type of communication. Nevertheless, the internet presents a “many-to-many” type of communication. As media becomes more digital, the internet grows into a conveying element for all the other media forms. That is to say, telephone calls, magazines, movies, and many other media forms have moved onto the internet. In this way, a new type of media has come to the forefront whose content is created by the users themselves. On these new media platforms, such as on Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube, we could easily share our ideas and opinions, articles, videos, and photos. Additionally, people could...