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Current Approaches in Social Sciences

Rasim Yilmaz, Günther Löschnigg, Hasan Arslan and Mehmet Ali Icbay

Current Approaches in Social Sciences is a collection of research papers on a wide range of social issues written by researchers from several different institutions. The book will appeal to educators, researchers, social students and teachers of all subjects and of all levels, who wish to develop personally and professionally. It will also be useful to all those who interact, one way or another, with both students and teachers in a social context.
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Weber’s Pendulum: Perception of Authority at Work



In its very simplest form, management can be defined as “doing by others” (Stoner and Freeman, 1989; Daft, 2000). This definition clearly shows that all organisational and managerial processes in organisations, a priori, require two positions, superiors and subordinates, and authority relations between them. Organisations inherited this phenomenon from the earliest history of the existence of human beings. Hegel (1975, 1977) discusses in the master-slave dialectic that since the first day of humanity, men, at the end of an honourable battle, have been separated into two parts: those who have the authority and others who conform to authority. And it can be interpreted as a result of need of order. That is why it (authority) is an undetectable part of human beings throughout history. However, its nature may differ from one era to other.

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