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Current Approaches in Social Sciences

Edited By Rasim Yilmaz, Günther Löschnigg, Hasan Arslan and Mehmet Ali Icbay

Current Approaches in Social Sciences is a collection of research papers on a wide range of social issues written by researchers from several different institutions. The book will appeal to educators, researchers, social students and teachers of all subjects and of all levels, who wish to develop personally and professionally. It will also be useful to all those who interact, one way or another, with both students and teachers in a social context.
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The Impact of Privatisation on Earnings in Transition Countries

Extract



Introduction

Standard arguments of privatisation regarding wages point out that under public ownership, workers earn high wages and benefits due to unionisation and soft budget constraints. As such, before privatisation, public corporation managers supported by soft budgets were not provided with incentives to minimise costs. Besides, public unions were in a total monopoly bargaining position. Thus, they were able to get excessive pay levels and benefits for their members by using their power on politicians and during bargaining. After privatisation, the aim of the new owners facing hard budgets was to maximise profits; therefore, they had a greater incentive to minimise costs. Besides, privatisation reduces workers bargaining power and therefore union wage premiums. Thus, effective new owners are able to raise productivity and lower costs by reducing wages and over-staffing.

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