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Contextual Approaches in Sociology

Edited By Adela Elena Popa, Hasan Arslan, Mehmet Ali Icbay and Tomas Butvilas

Contextual Approaches in Sociology is a collection of essays on a wide range of sociological issues written by researchers from several different institutions. The volume presents applications of grounded theory, social capital, education, social rituals and gender issues. It will appeal to a wide range of academic leadership, including educators, researchers, social students and teachers, who wish to develop personally and professionally. It will also be useful to all those who interact with students and teachers in a sociological context.


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A Grounded Theory Essay: City Councils in Turkey and the Uniqueness of Participation


Introduction The meaning of the concept of public service is changing. This change in mean- ing has created a crisis of legitimacy (Şengül, 2010) that has led to the concept of ‘governance.’ In parallel with the new developments in management strategies, city councils are given a major role and are expected to be effective in the multi-partner and multi-actor structure of the city administration (Özdemir, 2011, p. 35). City councils are expected to involve civil society in urban management. As a result of the fragmented structure of urban management, city councils are trying to overcome a crisis of legitimacy by encouraging the participation of civil society. The result is that city councils want to share the responsibility for urban management. Democratic governments are associated with the presence of opportunities for participation (Görmez and Uçar Altınışık, 2011, p. 38). Participation in public management policy in Turkey has emerged as a result of changes in the under- standing of the state in the context of globalisation (Çetinkaya and Korlu, 2012, pp. 96–97). In 1992, the United Nations summit in Rio led to the development of an action plan that is known as Agenda 21. In this document, each country was invited to create its own Local Agenda 21. Starting with the Municipal Law (No. 5393), the Local Agenda 21 process has begun and city councils have gained legal status. The Local Agenda 21 process has meant that city councils have gained legal status in terms of...

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