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Contextual Approaches in Sociology

Edited By Adela Elena Popa, Hasan Arslan, Mehmet Ali Icbay and Tomas Butvilas

Contextual Approaches in Sociology is a collection of essays on a wide range of sociological issues written by researchers from several different institutions. The volume presents applications of grounded theory, social capital, education, social rituals and gender issues. It will appeal to a wide range of academic leadership, including educators, researchers, social students and teachers, who wish to develop personally and professionally. It will also be useful to all those who interact with students and teachers in a sociological context.

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New Institutional Theory in Organisational Analysis: Strengths and Weaknesses

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Introduction As a research tradition and conceptual frame, institutional theory became a widely accepted approach in the social sciences beginning from the mid-19th century, 1850s up until the 1920s, and it has been a dominant approach that has directed organisational and managerial analyses starting from its re-discovery in the 1970s up until the present day (Scott, 2014, p. xi). Institutional theory has been gener- ally shaped with various studies in sociology, social psychology, and political and economic sciences and it has focused on both the constant structure of social systems at various levels such as the organisation, society, world, and the effect of institutional processes in conflict and evolution cases. In this context, the fun- damental emphasis of institutional theory is placed on rules, norms, and cultural beliefs that give a meaning to social life and have a coercive or supporting effect on social action. At first, theoreticians focused on the role of institutions in the formation of social structures, organisational styles, and the formulation of the identity of the social actor (Delmestri, 2007). In the late 1970s, several studies started to suggest that formal organisational structure is shaped not only by technical requirements and the source dependency principle, but also by institutional powers including rational myths, information legitimated through the educational system, specialists, public opinion, and rules of law (John Meyer-Brian Rowan, 1977; Richard Scott, 1983; and Sharon Zucker, 1977). The common ground of these studies is the viewpoint that the structures and operations of the organisations represent a...

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