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Contextual Approaches in Sociology

Edited By Adela Elena Popa, Hasan Arslan, Mehmet Ali Icbay and Tomas Butvilas

Contextual Approaches in Sociology is a collection of essays on a wide range of sociological issues written by researchers from several different institutions. The volume presents applications of grounded theory, social capital, education, social rituals and gender issues. It will appeal to a wide range of academic leadership, including educators, researchers, social students and teachers, who wish to develop personally and professionally. It will also be useful to all those who interact with students and teachers in a sociological context.

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University Youth’s Participation Patterns in Society (Case of Inonu University)

Extract

Introduction Born in a family, the first socialisation institution of an individual is family. An individual learns all the cultural and social codes of his or her society at home. The first impact on a child by his or her mother, father, and other family members leaves its place to the friends and peers during adolescence. School, workplace, and media are among the important socialisation agents for the child following the family and peers. Socialisation starts at birth and lasts until the death of an individual. University youth’s participation patterns in society have been derived from the data of the “university youth’s sociological profile” research applied to the students at Inonu University. From 2001 until 2014, the cumulative number of students that the survey has been applied to is 54,753. Participation Patterns in Society The continuity of societies, which are a web of social relations and social organi- sations, depends not only on the meeting on a common ground of individuals, groups, and communities of whom the society is made up of, but also on being respectful to each other in terms of their rights. Society is analysed in two categories in terms of its structure and function. In this context, Tönnies categorises society as “gemeinschaft-community” and “gesellschaft-society,” Durkheim categorises society as “mechanical solidarity” and “organic solidarity,” and Cooley categorises society as “primary groups” and “secondary groups.” Within this framework, in community structures, which gen- erally describe rural lifestyles, we can see the dominance of the ‘us’ feeling,...

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