New Institutional Theory in Organisational Analysis: Strengths and Weaknesses
As a research tradition and conceptual frame, institutional theory became a widely accepted approach in the social sciences beginning from the mid-19th century, 1850s up until the 1920s, and it has been a dominant approach that has directed organisational and managerial analyses starting from its re-discovery in the 1970s up until the present day (Scott, 2014, p. xi). Institutional theory has been generally shaped with various studies in sociology, social psychology, and political and economic sciences and it has focused on both the constant structure of social systems at various levels such as the organisation, society, world, and the effect of institutional processes in conflict and evolution cases. In this context, the fundamental emphasis of institutional theory is placed on rules, norms, and cultural beliefs that give a meaning to social life and have a coercive or supporting effect on social action. At first, theoreticians focused on the role of institutions in the formation of social structures, organisational styles, and the formulation of the identity of the social actor (Delmestri, 2007).
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