Phaneroscopy, Semeiotic, Logic
Edited By Elize Bisanz
Logic as the General Theory of Signs of all Kinds
I have a difficult task before me to render these four lectures profitable to you. It would be less so if we came without a single idea on the subject. But everybody, every butcher and baker, have ideas of logic and even used the technical terminology of the subject. He says he deals in articles of “prime necessity”. Perhaps he would be surprised to learn that the phrase “prime necessity” was invented by logicians to express a logical conception which has now become in common mouths very vague, it is true; but which still has a little of the original concept in a vague form clinging to it.
If I had a class in logic to conduct for a year, I should have still, as I used to do at the Johns Hopkins, upon the maientic character of my office,—which means that I should do all I could to make my hearer think for themselves, by which I earned the gratitude of men who are useful to mankind. I should insist, that they must not suppose that my opinions were bound to correct, but must work out their own ways of thinking. But now that there are but four lectures, and all falling in one week, the case is otherwise. I must beg you to remember that comprehension comes first and criticism later. It will be as much as you can possibly do in this week with diligent endeavors, to understand what I mean by...
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