Phaneroscopy, Semeiotic, Logic
How to Define
Three studies that are needlessly and very unhappily confounded: Phaneroscopy (as I call it, or Phenomenology), Logic, and Psychology Proper. One of the three is a Science, though youthful and immature: that is Psychology Proper, one is an embryo-science, so I rate Logic, because it still lacks that considerable body of well-drilled workers pursuing methods acknowledged by all, taking advantage of one another’s discoveries to push research still on and on, and turning out new discoveries at a healthy rate, all of which I take to be essential to a developed science. The third, Phaneroscopy, is still in the condition of a science-egg, hardly any details of it being as yet distinguishable, though enough to assure the student of it that, under the fostering care that it is sure to enjoy, if human culture continues long, it surely will in the future become a strong and beneficent science.
By Psychology Proper I mean the Empirical Science of the workings and growths of minds and their relations to the animal or other organisms in which Psychical phenomena can be detected. In short, it is a sort of Physiology of the soul. By Logic I mean the study of the distinction between Truth and Falsity, and the theory of how to attain the former together with all that the investigator of that theory must make his business to probe: It comes, for the solution of the problem in my opinion, in the present state of science, to...
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