(Freedom and Dreams)
1. “Internal emigration” as a gesture of freedom (Dominik Tatarka and Ludvík Vaculík after 1968)
“Internal emigration”1 as a gesture of freedom
(Dominik Tatarka and Ludvík Vaculík after 1968)
“…As a medium of human self-esteem literature can never simply be fully emancipated from the climate of its place and time. Therefore, where politics so noticeably pervades everything, literature is also more penetrated by it…”
Václav Havel: A scream of epiphany (Introduction to the book Démon súhlasu, 1985)
The ability to express one’s own opinion even at the price of exclusion from public, social and even professional life, the risk of being shut away and ostracized for writing has always been an aspect of civilization since the time of Socrates’ “wantonness” and subsequent persecution.. Such an ability follows official policy and official thinking as a shadow, as their corrective, as a reservoir of other thinking, of potential transformation. Václav Havel describes this ← 13 | 14 → internal mechanism as follows: “It is impossible to register the action radius of this strange power through numbers of followers, voters or soldiers because it lies in the ‘fifth column’ of social awareness and of the hidden intentions of life, the suppressed aspirations of a person for his own dignity and the fulfilling of fundamental rights, his actual social and political interests. It therefore involves a power which is not inherent in the power of any clearly defined social or political groups, but lies primarily in the power of the potential hidden in the...
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