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Kontrastive Perspektiven im deutschen Sprach- und Kulturerwerb


Edited By Vincenzo Gannuscio

Vergleichende Ansätze sind schon immer in der didaktischen Vermittlung fremder Sprachen und Kulturen eingesetzt worden, auch wenn die Kontrastive Linguistik als synchrone Sprachwissenschaft erst in der zweiten Hälfte des vorhergehenden Jahrhunderts auf Ansporn des amerikanischen Strukturalismus Fuß fasst. Ausgehend von einer theoretisch-deskriptiven Einleitung versammelt dieser Band Beiträge zur kontrastiven Fremdsprachendidaktik und zur vergleichenden Perspektive in der im Sprachunterricht oft innewohnenden Vermittlung kulturspezifischer Kenntnisse.
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Deutsche und italienische Negationsstrategien im Vergleich: kontrastive Beschreibungsansätze für einen zielorientierten DaF-Unterricht


Abstract: The comparative approach of typological linguistics proved that negation is a cognitive category of every human language. Negation is a complex linguistic instrument that allows speakers much more than simple denying. It isn’t just a bivalent operator determining the polarity between true and untrue, but a much more complex linguistic instrument that allows to refuse, contradict, lie or ironize. Language teaching research dedicated to negation special attention and confronted the assimilation processes in native and non-native speakers. These comparative studies reveal in both groups significant similarities in the learning of negation, with the not to underestimate difference that when learning a foreign language a speaker already knows, understands and uses the negation at its best, because he could already test its potential in his mother tongue. On the basis of these studies it can be assumed that a contrastive approach could guarantee positive results in the foreign language didactics. In order to state this thesis, this paper presents a contrastive grammatical description of some basic phenomena of negation in German and Italian, trying to point out points of contact and contrast, which could be used for a more successful teaching.

0. Einleitung

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