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Philosophical Anthropology: Selected Chapters


Jana Trajtelová

This textbook discusses and systemises several selected topics of philosophical anthropology. The problem of man cannot be grasped through only one main principle or aspect (as the principle of his or her «humanity»). The chapters of this book rather outline several specific aspects which essentially characterize human beings (such as rationality, formation of culture, freedom, personality and interpersonality). The text is primarily intended for bachelor students of philosophy.
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1. What is Philosophical Anthropology?


Philosophical anthropology –pre-understanding – anthropinum – homo sapiens – unity of man

Philosophical anthropology is a systematic philosophical examination of the question “What is man?”. The etymology we know leads us to an analogous definition. The Greek words anthropos and logos may be translated as human being and reason (as well as word, meaning); therefore, a simplified definition may be that philosophical anthropology is a philosophical theory on man. A human individual questions his or her identity – 1) as a member of the Homo sapiens species, 2) in terms of his or her historical and social identity and, most of all, 3) in terms of his or her unique personal identity.

From the very beginning, differences in the understanding of the concept of philosophical anthropology should be noted: ← 11 | 12 →

1)     Philosophical anthropology as an integral part of philosophical thinking

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