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Philosophy of Transcendence: Selected Problems


Jana Trajtelová

Does God exist? Is it meaningful to speak of the Infinite or the Absolute? What is to be understood by concepts such as soul, spirit, or love? Are religious truths philosophically relevant and philosophically tenable? The reflective critical thinking of philosophy tries to embrace each side of human reality, even the matters and themes which arise out of the religious experience. This auxiliary textbook intends to present several selected topics of the philosophy of religion and it is primarily intended for bachelor students of philosophy.
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2. Philosophical Proofs of the Existence of God


truth – a priori proof – a posteriori proofs – theology – cumulative proof

Before we more closely introduce the particular forms of proofs throughout the history of thinking, a schematic overview of the types of proofs may help us with basic orientation. The distinction between a priori proofs (derived “without” or given “before” experience) and a posteriori proofs (“from”, “after” experience with the world) is the most general kind of division.

A priori proofs:

–   ONTOLOGICAL ARGUMENT: the existence of God stems from the existence of a concept or definition (a classic deductive argument); Saint Anselm of Canterbury is a classic representative.

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