2. Philosophical Proofs of the Existence of God
truth – a priori proof – a posteriori proofs – theology – cumulative proof
Before we more closely introduce the particular forms of proofs throughout the history of thinking, a schematic overview of the types of proofs may help us with basic orientation. The distinction between a priori proofs (derived “without” or given “before” experience) and a posteriori proofs (“from”, “after” experience with the world) is the most general kind of division.
A priori proofs:
– ONTOLOGICAL ARGUMENT: the existence of God stems from the existence of a concept or definition (a classic deductive argument); Saint Anselm of Canterbury is a classic representative.
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