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Informatik und Gesellschaft

Festschrift zum 80. Geburtstag von Klaus Fuchs-Kittowski

Frank Fuchs-Kittowski and Werner Kriesel

Informatik und Gesellschaft erlebt eine Renaissance. Innovationen der Informatik treiben einen gravierenden gesellschaftlichen Wandel immer schneller voran, der für heftige Debatten sorgt. Aktuelle Themen behandelte die Tagung «Informatik und Gesellschaft» zu Ehren von Klaus Fuchs-Kittowski als Pionier dieses Fachgebietes. Der Sammelband legt 44 Beiträge mit breitem Themenspektrum vor. Er behandelt den Einfluss von IKT auf die Arbeitswelt, Industriearbeit 4.0, Big Data, Datenschutz und Datenausspähung. Einzelne Beiträge sprechen Umweltinformatik, Informationssystemgestaltung, Softwareentwicklung, Künstliche Intelligenz, Cloud-Computing sowie E-Learning (MOOC) an. Es werden auch künstliche Immunität, Avatare und die sozialen Aspekte behandelt. Ein weiteres Augenmerk liegt auf automatisierter Kriegsführung, hierzu werden insbesondere Ethik, Humanismus und Friedenserhaltung in einer global vernetzten Welt diskutiert.
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Weshalb sind Softwareprojekte schwierig?

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Abstract

Cost over-runs, delays and even failures of software projects are numerous and as numerous are pretended, technical or organizational fixes for these. The following suggests that a significant share of those cost over-runs, delays and failures are due to an ignorance of the social dimension of software development, falling prey to the illusion of requirements collection, specification, implementation and their management being pure technical tasks. Introducing software means intervening into the process of social production. The central proposition is that of a fundamental symmetry of ignorance prevailing between developers and users. Hidden, diverging and even contradictory interests are as common as are arcane practices, widely distributed, implicit knowledge, inconsistent and misleading language. Not to take these into account means a system failing by lack user acceptance. The general ignorance regarding the social dimension of software development is reflected in a frequent neglect for its linguistic aspect as well as for the social, psychic and biological needs of the developers. Taking care of the social dimension is not optional for projects and addressing the related issues belongs to the core curriculum of computer science education.

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