Show Less
Restricted access

Bio-Based Energy, Rural Livelihoods and Energy Security in Ethiopia


Dawit Guta

This study explores issues of biomass energy use in relation to household welfare and it assesses Ethiopia’s future energy security with a focus on long-term model of the energy sector, and institutional arrangements required for decentralized energy initiatives. Data from Ethiopian rural households reveal negative welfare effects associated with traditional biomass energy utilization, while increases in the opportunity cost of fuelwood collection is associated negatively with allocation of labour to agriculture and fuelwood use. It appears that investment on integrated energy source diversification improves sustainability and resilience, but increases production cost. Innovations that improve alternative sources reduce production cost, improve energy security, and thus serve as an engine of economic growth.
Show Summary Details
Restricted access

Chapter One: Introduction


Chapter One


1.1.     Background

1.1.1.     Energy and sustainable development

Modern forms of energy play an enabling role in sustainable development and are closely linked with poverty reduction, climate change mitigation, education, food security, and public health (ESMAP, 2003; Cabraal et al., 2005; Rehfuess et al., 2005; Gaillard, 2008; Kaygusuz, 2011; Thiam, 2011; Bazilian et al., 2012; Karekezi et al., 2012; Mainali et al., 2014). There are two common forms of energy use: for survival or subsistence purposes and for development (EEA, 2009; Karekezi et al., 2012). Subsistence energy use includes energy use for everyday livelihood activities, occurring since ancient times when our ancestors used fire for cooking food they had gathered or hunted. In the modern era this also includes a wide range of activities such as heating and illuminating homes, and operating equipment such as radios, refrigerators, televisions, computers, and cellular phones. Subsistence energy use is related to household living standards; social, economic, health, and educational status; and improvements to it contribute to the quality of life. Development energy use is a necessary input for the production of goods and services, typically in the tertiary industrial, commercial, service, and transportation sectors. In this sense energy is the lifeblood of modernization, as it is vital in every aspect of human political, social, and economic development, and for environmental protection. Differences in the quality and quantity of energy use are considered important indicators of the disparities between poor and wealthy countries or...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.

Do you have any questions? Contact us.

Or login to access all content.