Richard Tarrant - The protohistory of the text of Horace
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The protohistory of the text of Horace
The transmission of the text of Horace represented by extant manuscripts begins in the ninth century, but the text found in manuscripts from that time and later contains a number of elements that did not originate with Horace but that came into existence in the centuries following his death.
This paper will focus on three of those non-authorial elements in an effort to fill in some of the history of the text between Horace himself and the earliest surviving witnesses. The elements in question are (1) the tituli attached to individual poems in the manuscript tradition; (2) the presence of interpolated verses in part or in all of the manuscript tradition; and (3) the order in which Horace’s works are arranged in the manuscript tradition and in modern editions. I shall argue that these non-authorial elements derive from ancient editions of Horace. Precise dating is impossible, but it is clear that the developments in question all took place before the end of the ancient world1.
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