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From the Natural Man to the Political Machine

Sovereignty and Power in the Works of Thomas Hobbes

Gabriela Ratulea

It is unusual to connect Thomas Hobbes’s political philosophy with liberal thought. This study argues that liberal philosophy is indeed indebted to Hobbes: as a modern thinker he was the first to deduce political rights and obligations from self-interest. While we may say today that Hobbes sustains the capacity of government at the expense of democratic institutions, it is equally clear that he invented the idea of political legitimacy in the modern sense. Analyzing the tradition of natural law, the doctrine of social contract, and the sources of moral and political obligation, the study shows how Hobbes’ assumptions help us to understand that there is no liberty without political authority.
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Angoulvent, Anne-Laure. Hobbes et la morale politique. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1994.

Aquinas, Saint Thomas. Summa theologica. Christian Classic Ethereal Library.

Aristotle. “Politics”. Translated by Benjamin Jowett. In Complete Works of Aristotle, vol. 2, edited by Jonathan Barnes, 1017–1191. Princeton (N.J.): Princeton University Press, 1991.

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