5. Deliberative Democracy and Citizenship85
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Chapter 5 Deliberative Democracy and Citizenship1
The concept of deliberative democracy has been widely discussed over the last two decades, taking central place in democratic theory and having much resonance in political science and political practice in a number of democracies around the world. The very model of deliberative democracy poses a number of difficult questions about individual rationality, public reason and justification, public spiritedness, and an active and supportive public sphere. It also raises the question about what kind of civic involvement is required for the practices of democratic deliberation to be effective. This chapter aims to present one aspect of the theoretical model of deliberative democracy that concerns the role and value of citizenship, understood in terms of participation. It argues that deliberative democracy implies a category of democratic citizens; its institutional framework calls for the activity and competence of citizenry; and, consequently, the participatory forms of deliberative democracy come closest to the democratic ideal as such. Furthermore, the model of participatory-deliberative democracy is more attractive as a truly democratic ideal than the model of a formal deliberative democracy, but it certainly faces more difficulties when it comes to the practicalities, and especially the institutional design. The problem of the applicability of such a model in the post-communist context, which will be discussed in the last section of the chapter, seems to support the thesis presented here which suggests that active citizenship, civic skills and civic culture are indispensable for the development of...
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