Pronominal constructions and subject indetermination in varieties of Portuguese – A global view on norms
Amália Mendes1, Maria Eugênia Lammoglia Duarte2, Maria Fernanda Bacelar do Nascimento1, Luísa Pereira1, Antónia Estrela1*
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Abstract: This paper presents a corpus-based approach to constructions with the clitic pronoun SE in Portuguese, taking into consideration the European and Brazilian varieties and also the varieties of 5 African countries where Portuguese is the official language: Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique and S. Tomé and Príncipe. Several constructions are taken into consideration: the reflexive pronominal construction with argumental clitic SE, inherent reflexive clitics and two constructions with impersonal reading: the nominative and the pronominal passive. We further contrast these impersonal constructions with other strategies to express the indeterminacy of the external argument, in finite and infinitive clauses. The contrastive analysis of the data points to some converging but also diverging patterns between varieties. We relate these findings to the pluricentric nature of the Portuguese language.
Pronominal constructions in Portuguese cover different syntactic structures, ranging from reflexive and reciprocal to intrinsically pronominal, passive, impersonal and anti-causative, which all share the presence of a clitic element “SE”. Our objective is to observe the behaviour of some of these pronominal constructions in spoken corpora of different varieties of Portuguese worldwide: ← 109 | 110 → European Portuguese (EP), Brazilian Portuguese (BPand the Portuguese varieties of Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique and S. Tomé and Príncipe (Bacelar do Nascimento et al. 2008). Although Portuguese is...
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