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The Social Side of Tourism: The Interface between Tourism, Society, and the Environment

Answers to Global Questions from the International Competence Network of Tourism Research and Education (ICNT)


Michael Lück, Jan Velvin and Bernd Eisenstein

The International Competence Network of Tourism Research and Education (ICNT) covers various areas of research. ICNT’s third book offers insights of tourism experts with a wide range of interest and expertise on the way tourism is understood and worked in different countries around the world. The volume analyses the interface between the social, the natural, and the economic environments and focuses on an increase of competitive advantages and local value creation. This includes the social and cultural perspectives of host communities and tourists.
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The artificial surf reef impacts at Mount Maunganui, New Zealand: A study of stakeholder perceptions (Di Tota, Lück)


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David Di Tota and Michael Lück

The Artificial Surf Reef Impacts at Mount Maunganui, New Zealand: A Study of Stakeholder Perceptions

1 Introduction

The search for the perfect wave is a common objective shared by most avid surfers around the world, yet various changing natural elements can cause a range of unpredictable wave sizes and activity proving it difficult to discover. In 1999, Kerry Black of ASR Ltd. set out to end this search for the perfect wave by creating one instead. His knowledge and experience with artificial reefs allowed him to develop a concept for an artificial reef that was designed solely for the purpose of creating consistent surfable waves. Surf tourism has been growing globally for years and the economic benefits of a surfable wave has only recently been realised. In an effort to harness the economic benefits of this growing global surf trend, Mount Maunganui at Tauranga, NZ was selected to host the first artificial surfing reef (ASR), due to its reputable surf and tourism culture.

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