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Turkish Foreign Policy in the New Millennium

Hüseyin Isıksal and Ozan Örmeci

In recent years there has been an increased public and academic interest in the new activism within Turkish foreign policy and Turkey's search for a more ambitious role. This book represents a new outlook, perception and conceptualization on Turkish Foreign Policy and offers contributions from various experts in their fields. The volume includes over forty chapters that cover ten area-based analyses including Turkey's relations with the EU, the Middle East, Cyprus and the US, the Balkans, the Mediterranean, Central Asia, Latin America, the Far East and International Organizations.
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The Securitization of the Syrian Crisis in Turkey: What lies beneath a “threat construction”?


Abstract: During the last two years the Turkish governing party has been trying to show that Assad’s regime in Syria is an “existential threat” that cannot and should not left unanswered. The purpose of this paper is to show the process and the steps that the Turkish government followed in order to “designate” a threat stemming from Syria. In doing so, the paper use Copenhagen School’s “Securitization” theory, especially, the tool of the Speech Act in order to better understand the process of the “threat construction”. After showing how the Syrian crisis came to be considered as an “existential threat” within Turkey, this paper tries to answer the reason that led Ankara explicitly focus on creating such a threat. It is argued that the ruling Justice and Development Party was trying to securitize Syria, mainly because it wants to disorientate the Turkish public opinion and keep it “in the dark” vis-à-vis the real problems stemming from within the borders and not outside of them. The ongoing mass protests all over Turkey reveal that while the ruling party considers Syria as Turkey’s threat, the Turkish citizens have a different opinion.

Keywords: Securization, Syrian Crisis, Threat Construction.

“Securitization” in International Politics

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