Edited By Hüseyin Isıksal and Ozan Örmeci
A Geopolitical Eurasian Swamp between Turkey and Central Asia: Iran
Abstract: Steering strategies by conceptualism of geopolitical and continental forces started in the 19th century. “Heartland Theory” developed by Mackinder accepted as father of geopolitics, has affected many strategic structures that shaped this theory as a starting point in both the 19th century and the following era. In a conceptual frame, geopolitics have become a critical social and human science by containing physical, humanist, political, and economic concepts, thus progressing itself in the positions of a central force. Today, Iran is in a position that has a negative impact on Turkey and the Central Asian Turkic states from the perspective of geographical, political, and economic scope. From the geographic position point of view, as the first pillar of geopolitics, Iran is located in a position that separates Central Asia and Turkey. The control over the Middle East oil is sustained by the sovereignty over the Persian Gulf and by the border shared with the Caspian energy basin. This provides a geopolitical and economical advantage to Iran. From the population demographics point of view, a large Turkish group, various regime supporters, and a condense Shia population forms a heterogeneous community. This is weak spot of Iran. Ultimately, understanding geopolitical position of Iran holds a very crucial particularity from the perspective of both Turkey and Central Asian Turkic states.
Keywords: Turkey, Central Asia, Iran, Geopolitics, Demography.
Heartland theory, developed in the last quarter of the 1800s by Mackinder, recognised as the father of...
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