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Turkish Foreign Policy in the New Millennium

Hüseyin Isıksal and Ozan Örmeci

In recent years there has been an increased public and academic interest in the new activism within Turkish foreign policy and Turkey's search for a more ambitious role. This book represents a new outlook, perception and conceptualization on Turkish Foreign Policy and offers contributions from various experts in their fields. The volume includes over forty chapters that cover ten area-based analyses including Turkey's relations with the EU, the Middle East, Cyprus and the US, the Balkans, the Mediterranean, Central Asia, Latin America, the Far East and International Organizations.
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A Geopolitical Eurasian Swamp between Turkey and Central Asia: Iran


Abstract: Steering strategies by conceptualism of geopolitical and continental forces started in the 19th century. “Heartland Theory” developed by Mackinder accepted as father of geopolitics, has affected many strategic structures that shaped this theory as a starting point in both the 19th century and the following era. In a conceptual frame, geopolitics have become a critical social and human science by containing physical, humanist, political, and economic concepts, thus progressing itself in the positions of a central force. Today, Iran is in a position that has a negative impact on Turkey and the Central Asian Turkic states from the perspective of geographical, political, and economic scope. From the geographic position point of view, as the first pillar of geopolitics, Iran is located in a position that separates Central Asia and Turkey. The control over the Middle East oil is sustained by the sovereignty over the Persian Gulf and by the border shared with the Caspian energy basin. This provides a geopolitical and economical advantage to Iran. From the population demographics point of view, a large Turkish group, various regime supporters, and a condense Shia population forms a heterogeneous community. This is weak spot of Iran. Ultimately, understanding geopolitical position of Iran holds a very crucial particularity from the perspective of both Turkey and Central Asian Turkic states.

Keywords: Turkey, Central Asia, Iran, Geopolitics, Demography.


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