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Turkish Foreign Policy in the New Millennium

Edited By Hüseyin Isıksal and Ozan Örmeci

In recent years there has been an increased public and academic interest in the new activism within Turkish foreign policy and Turkey's search for a more ambitious role. This book represents a new outlook, perception and conceptualization on Turkish Foreign Policy and offers contributions from various experts in their fields. The volume includes over forty chapters that cover ten area-based analyses including Turkey's relations with the EU, the Middle East, Cyprus and the US, the Balkans, the Mediterranean, Central Asia, Latin America, the Far East and International Organizations.
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Turkey-EU Relations

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Abstract: This article analyzes the problematic relationship of Turkey with the European Union especially after the end of the Cold War. Despite its recognition as a candidate country in 1999 and the beginning of accession negotiations in 2005, Turkey’s EU membership prospects are still very unclear. The chapter aims to show how rising identity debates in Turkey and in the EU during the post-Cold War period complicates their relationship. In doing so, it will reveal how identity debates in both sides complicates the definition of their interests and brings ambivalent policies towards each other which eventually prevents them from developing stronger cooperation and integration.

Keywords: Turkey-EU Relations, Turkey’s Negotiation Process.

The relationship with the European Economic Community (EEC) which was later incorporated into the European Union (EU) has been a central dimension of Turkish Foreign Policy since the 1960s. Towards the end of the Cold War, Turkey has sought to deepen its political, economic and cultural links with Europe. Ankara officially applied for full EEC membership in 1987, signed the customs union agreement with the EU in 1995 and began accession talks with the Union in 2005. Nevertheless, Turkey-EU relations have come across severe difficulties especially after the end of the Cold War due to the rise of identity politics. Hence, Turkey-EU relations should be analyzed in the context of Turkish and European identities. Following this framework, this chapter will firstly discuss the historical background of the relations during the Cold War. Subsequently, the...

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