Show Less
Restricted access

Beyond Words

Pictures, Parables, Paradoxes


Edited By András Benedek and Kristóf Nyíri

Human thinking depends not only on words but also on visual imagery. Visual argumentation directly exploits the logic of the pictorial, while verbal arguments, too, draw on figurative language, and thus ultimately on images. In the centuries of handwritten documents and the printed book, our educational culture has been a predominantly verbal one. Today the challenge of the pictorial is explicit and conspicuous. In the digital world, we are experiencing an unprecedented wealth of images, animations and videos. But how should visual content be combined with traditional texts? This volume strives to present a broad humanities background showing how going beyond the word was always an issue in, and by now has become an inevitable challenge to, pedagogy and philosophy.
Show Summary Details
Restricted access

Metaphorical Eternity in Action The Nonlinguistic Realization of Death Metaphors in Iranian Culture


Mohsen Bakhtiar

Metaphorical Eternity in Action

The Nonlinguistic Realization of Death Metaphors in Iranian Culture


In this paper relying on Conceptual Metaphor Theory, propounded by Lakoff and Johnson,1 I intend to find out how death metaphors are realized in Iranian culture. In other words, rather than focusing on the linguistic manifestations of death metaphors, I put emphasis on how conceptual metaphor contributes to and structures euphemistic action in Persian culture in connection with the concept of death. Furthermore, it will be shown what source domains are typically used in structuring death rituals among Iranians.

2.Materialization of Death Metaphors in Persian Culture

The scenario of death and its metaphorical conceptualization can be traced back to some moments before death when physiological functions of the body start to fade. According to Islamic beliefs, it is strongly recommended to read the Quran for a dying person on their deathbed to facilitate death. The metaphors underlying this act are the DEATH IS PAIN and the QURANIC VERSES ARE PAIN RELIEVERS. What is more, there are particular chapters in the Quran which are devoted to dying and the dead person’s relief. When a person dies, the survivors are asked not to scream and cry out loud to provide them with a soothing death – as based on the cultural and religious beliefs, death makes humans anxious and tense. If so, this would be based on the DEATH IS ANXIETY which is of...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.

Do you have any questions? Contact us.

Or login to access all content.