Pictures, Parables, Paradoxes
Edited By András Benedek and Kristóf Nyíri
The Iconic Surplus in Visual Arguments: Where Limitations and Potentials Coincide
The Iconic Surplus in Visual Arguments:
Where Limitations and Potentials Coincide
1.Introduction: Visual Arguments Essentially Contested
Visual arguments are inferences which make use of pictures (at least as premises). These can be diagrams as in diagrammatic logics (for example, designed by Euler, Venn, Carroll, or Peirce) or in geometric proofs. But visual arguments can use trace pictures, too. Such technically generated pictures, gained by microscopes, telescopes and so on, refer to the depicted objects due to the causal relation between depictions and the depicted objects. In order to distinguish this type of visual arguments from the structural arguments used in logics and mathematics, we can label them as trace arguments.
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