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Multidisciplinary Approaches to Multilingualism

Proceedings from the CALS conference 2014

Edited By Kristina Cergol Kovačević and Sanda Lucija Udier

This volume offers a selection of twenty papers presented at the 28 th International Annual Conference of the Croatian Applied Linguistics Society held in 2014. The authors’ reflections on Multidisciplinary Approaches to Multilingualism fall into four different areas of investigation: 1) bilingual and multilingual studies focusing on research in foreign, second and lingua franca issues, 2) language policy and planning, 3) translation studies, lexis and lexical relations and 4) experimental research into language processing. The volume addresses an international audience and places a number of Croatian-based considerations onto the international applied linguistics scene.
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The pronunciation of ELF: Internationally intelligible English with recognizable national features



This paper focuses on the pronunciation of English as a Lingua Franca (ELF) in Croatia. We analyse the English pronunciation of five focus group members representing five different first languages. They are university students of English and discuss topics of their common interest. A recording was made of their conversation, which was preceded by the reading of a test passage serving as a prompt for discussion. Four independent trained listeners performed an auditory analysis of the recording. There were two basic research questions. First, to what extent and in what way does the participants’ pronunciation at this highest level of competence differ from the pronunciation which was found in the interlanguage of Croatian learners? Second, what are the characteristic, national features which distinguish this ‘mature’ ELF pronunciation of individual focus-group members from the other participants who are native speakers of phonologically different languages?

Despite the limitations of scope and method, the results provide unambiguous answers to our questions. At this level of pronunciation, as opposed to learners’ pronunciation, we have found all the features necessary for complete international intelligibility. However, the ‘non-core’ features giving away non-native pronunciation, such as absence of allophonic alternation and non-native prosody, have also been found with all five participants.

The manifestation of these give-away features depends on the phonological background of the participant. What they all turn out to have in common is the impression of a syllable-based rhythm. Accordingly, guidelines are provided for a comparative...

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