Edited By Kevin Norley, Mehmet Ali Icbay and Hasan Arslan
Evaluation of Candidate Teachers’ Attitudes toward Turkish Republic Revolution History and Kemalism Course with Respect to Different Variables (Ordu University Sample)
The course titled “Ataturk’s Principles and History of Turkish Revolution” aims, in general, to help young people gain a positive attitude towards the basic philosophy of the Turkish revolution and the republican regime, as well as Ataturk’s principles and revolutions / reforms (Safran, 2004).
In accordance with the Law on Higher Education No. 2547, the course “Ataturk’s Principles and History of Turkish Revolution” is one of the courses which must be given in institutions of higher education. This course has been taught at different educational levels and in our universities since 1933–1934. The course reprogrammed by the Law on Higher Education has been taught as a required course since 1981.
The purpose of this course is to rear future generations who will grasp, adopt, and improve the spirit and intent of the Turkish Revolution. The course objective was summarised under four main topics by the Council of Higher Education. These are listed as follows (Doganer, 2005: p. 2):
1. To provide accurate information about the Turkish War of Independence, Atatürk’s reforms and the Kemalist thought system, and the history of the Republic of Turkey.
2. To provide accurate information about threats to Turkey, Atatürk’s reforms and principles, and the Kemalist thought.
3. To gather Turkish youth around national goals in an indivisible unity with their country, nation, and state and in line with Atatürk’s reforms and principles and the Kemalist thought...
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