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Contemporary Approaches in Education

Edited By Kevin Norley, Mehmet Ali Icbay and Hasan Arslan

Contemporary Approaches in Education presents papers of the Fifth European Conference on Social and Behavioral Sciences in St. Petersburg, Russia and the Sixth European Conference on Social and Behavioral Sciences in Selcuk, Izmir, Turkey. The contributions deal with a wide range of educational issues, namely teaching and learning, educational policy and school psychology.
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Organisational Justice in Decision-Making Processes

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Introduction

In the processes of management, the first function is decision-making. People always have to make decisions in all aspects of their lives. The problems they face range from very simple to very complex. In addition, they are affected by many factors in making these decisions.

In its most general meaning, a decision is a choice among many alternatives which is made to achieve one or more goals (Otlu and Demir, 2005).

However, a broader description would encompass the mental process which people create in order to relate with their environment, their roles in society, or their past experiences. A decision is the logically chosen alternative among many others meant to achieve a goal. That’s why a decision is a choice, the result of a conscious mental activity which is directed towards achieving a goal (Oguz, 2009).

Decision-making is described as a process which has a starting point, follows different kinds of things, activities, or thoughts, and ends when a choice is made (Besler, 2009; Bakan and Buyukbese, 2005).

Described differently, decision-making consists of adapting to the form of a certain activity and taking responsibility on behalf of others, getting them to agree on this decision, and expecting them to support it (Kiranli and Ilgan, 2007).

“Decision-making,” like “management,” refers to a process. However, it includes considering the situations in order to choose one way of acting among the alternatives available. While making a decision, all...

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