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Contemporary Approaches in Education

Edited By Kevin Norley, Mehmet Ali Icbay and Hasan Arslan

Contemporary Approaches in Education presents papers of the Fifth European Conference on Social and Behavioral Sciences in St. Petersburg, Russia and the Sixth European Conference on Social and Behavioral Sciences in Selcuk, Izmir, Turkey. The contributions deal with a wide range of educational issues, namely teaching and learning, educational policy and school psychology.
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Management Problems between Preschool Teachers and Administrators and their Solution Methods for these Problems



Management, which fundamentally means organisation, includes departmentalisation of work, determining relationships between different units, and assigning appropriate personnel to these units. All the administrative work takes place in an organisation / institution (Ada & Baysal, 2010). Problems within an organisation / institution are part of the workload of every participant in the organisation (Karslı, 2004).

Schools are like large families and organisations in which the students, teachers, administrators, and parents share the excitement of learning and teaching. The harmony in this family requires correct and systematic communication between every part of the organisation. School culture is affected by problem-focused communication, gossip, we-them discrimination, resentment, disrespect, time limit, hierarchy, and competition. If teachers are not willing to cooperate within the organisation, it affects all the other parts of the education process (Beaudoin & Taylor, 2004).

Problem-focused communication emerges especially because of the focus on negative details. When teachers witness and are unable to intervene when their colleagues adopt a disrespectful attitude, yell at students, or shame them in public, they are negatively affected by the school climate (Zembylas, 2005). Teachers are the most visible elements of schools so they can easily be the targets of different problems (Schutz & Zembylas, 2011). According to Zembat (2012), teachers frequently use avoidance as a defense mechanism in conflict situations to reach the solution. According to Evans (2001), the reason for the 30% disemployment rate in the first five years is exhaustion.

Teachers are...

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